Steady Growth via Central Banks

Market & Strategy Update

Steady Growth via Central Banks

Central bank dovishness and good fundamentals should support spread product vs. government bonds, along with relatively volatile EM debt.

Executive Summary

Looking back to this time last year, the general market consensus called for multiple rate hikes and a continuation of monetary policy tightening. But we weren't so sure of that in light of our view that both growth and inflation would remain moderate. Then, in July, the Federal Reserve (Fed) surprised markets with a significant pivot when it announced what would be the first of three consecutive rate cuts. This helped to propel the big bull market that is still charging ahead today. The Fed's overt focus on inflation outcomes suggests rates will remain "low for long." Given this backdrop and the continued easing by global central banks, we think global growth should improve, spread products should outperform government bonds and, although volatile, EM should also outperform.

Market Review

  • The Fed moved to directly target inflation, and Fed Chair Jerome Powell stated that he will stay the course with easy policy until he sees "sustained inflation" above the Fed's 2% target.
  • Central banks around the world returned to rate cutting in 2019.
  • The European Central Bank (ECB) made a new commitment to lifting inflation and simultaneously downgraded its inflation outlook; ECB President Mario Draghi stepped down.
  • Global growth slowed as trade levels declined along with manufacturing activity; US-China trade tensions were a big part of the problem.
  • US inflation has remained low, even as unemployment has continued to improve to record levels.

US Economic Outlook

  • The US economy remains solid; this year we expect 2% growth, but inflation will remain tame.
  • We believe that we are in a low-inflation environment, which is likely to persist and implies a low probability of rate hikes this year.

Global Economic Outlook

  • Global growth should rise, albeit from a low base, as the downside risks to global growth have receded.
  • Debt loads and challenged demographics continue to be headwinds to global growth.
  • Europe: The trajectory of growth appears to be improving; we believe the worst is over. The outcome for Brexit looks to be very positive given the pro-business UK government.
  • Japan: We think the Bank of Japan is likely to remain accommodative unless inflation were to rise above target for a prolonged period. 
  • China: The completion of the US-China "phase one" trade deal appears very encouraging. We view it as essentially a truce that has come to fruition and think the resulting reduction in uncertainty should be very positive moving forward.

Investment Themes

  • Central bank policy wins the battles, but the wars are won by the fundamentals, which are the growth and inflation outlook over long periods of time.
  • US credit markets offer both attractive yield and size relative to other mature markets and continue to be very attractive to the global investor in search of "safe" yield.
  • Year-to-date, spread sectors have recovered from last year's dramatic selloff.
  • Investment-grade: Sector and security selection are key at tighter valuations in 2020; we continue to focus on industries that are deleveraging. BBBs were the place to be in 2019 despite downgrade fears; management teams of the largest issuers in 2020 continue to focus on lowering or at least maintaining their leverage levels.
  • High-yield: Bank loans lagged the broader high-yield rally for most of 2019 leaving upside opportunity and attractive yields for 2020. With a stable fundamental backdrop, we expect default rates to remain benign in high-yield and bank loans this year.
  • MBS: Although agency mortgage spreads were pressured by both prepayments and higher volatility, they remain attractive.
  • China: Healthy domestic demand and robust stimulus is supportive of growth. We expect stimulus measures to remain in place until signs of economic stabilization appear. Policy actions are likely to be enough to mitigate cyclical slowing. 
  • Japan: We expect the economy to grow around 0.5% in 2020 with continuing robust domestic demand and moderately improving external demand. 
  • EM: Higher yields combined with weak currency presents an attractive buying opportunity.

-Q&A Highlights

  • Geopolitical risk is always present, and we are always cognizant of it. But we choose to look at it with a long-term perspective, weighing the likelihood of whether or not the news of the day could potentially change the fundamental direction of global growth and global inflation.
  • Global demographics are a headwind to growth and a factor that will serve to keep interest rates persistently low.


The Federal Reserve Board ("Fed") is responsible for the formulation of U.S. policies designed to promote economic growth, full employment, stable prices, and a sustainable pattern of international trade and payments.

Emerging markets (EM) are nations with social or business activity in the process of rapid growth and industrialization. These nations are sometimes also referred to as developing or less developed countries.

"Brexit" is a shorthand term referring to the UK vote to exit the European Union.

A credit rating is a measure of an issuer's ability to repay interest and principal in a timely manner. The credit ratings provided by Standard and Poor's, Moody's Investors Service and/or Fitch Ratings, Ltd. typically range from AAA (highest) to D (lowest). Please see,, or for details.

A BBB rating is the lowest investment-grade rating; it reflects an opinion that the issuer has the current capacity to meet its debt obligations but faces more solvency risk than A-, AA- or AAA-rated issues. 

A spread is the difference in yield between two different types of fixed income securities with similar maturities; usually between a Treasury or sovereign security and a non-Treasury or non-sovereign security.

A Mortgage-Backed Security (MBS) is a type of asset-backed security that is secured by a mortgage or collection of mortgages.


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