Yearning for Yield

Yearning for Yield

Defensive equity income provides investors with an attractive source of dividends which play an increasingly integral role during low equity return environments.


The S&P 500 Index hit at an all-time high entering into May 2019; however, just three days into the month, investor resolve was tested by an increase in US-China trade tariffs and an escalation of geopolitical tensions. May proved to be a bruising month for global equities as all major indexes declined by more than 6%. It was, in fact, the worst May for equity indexes in the last ten years. Additionally, a fresh scramble for US government debt drove the US 10-year Treasury yield back below 2% in late June, a sharp decline from the 3.2% high reached in early November 2018.

Many investors and economists had assumed that the Trump administration’s tax cuts and looser regulation would spur stronger growth and higher inflation and, in turn, higher interest rates. The opposite has played out this year. The falling 10-year yield indicates softer economic growth prospects. The latest yield drop followed the US Federal Reserve’s decision to keep its benchmark interest rate unchanged and potentially cut it in the near future. Investors are now expecting yields are going to be lower for longer, in addition to an extended period of low to moderating growth.

Lower for Longer

Yield on the US 10-Year Treasury Note

chart showing 10 year US Treasury yield declining from 3.2% in Nov 2018 to 2% in June 2019

Source: Bloomberg. November 7, 2018 through June 20, 2019. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Indexes are unmanaged, and not available for direct investment. Index returns do not include fees or sales charges. This information is provided for illustrative purposes only and does not reflect the performance of an actual investment.

As bond yields have fallen and growth prospects have softened, stocks with steady dividend payouts and lower volatility profiles have become increasingly attractive. S&P 500 sectors perceived as defensive have been outperforming the broader market since mid-May. The Fed’s dovish tilt has provided a particular boost to Real Estate stocks that had previously been pressured by the threat of higher rates. Real Estate stocks in the S&P 500 have advanced over 24% in 2019, outpacing the S&P 500’s 18% rise after the sector fell 2% last year.1

Dividend Yield and Share-Price Performance

Circle size reflects total market value

Scatter chart comparing dividend yield and share price performance of S&P 500 equity sectors

Source: Bloomberg, S&P 500 Index based on GICS sector classifications, as of June 19, 2019. Green indicates defensive sectors, purple indicates sectors typically depicted as cyclical. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Indexes are unmanaged, and not available for direct investment. Index returns do not include fees or sales charges. This information is provided for illustrative purposes only and does not reflect the performance of an actual investment.

The 10-year yield is well below the approximately 3% dividend yield offered by the highest dividend paying stocks in the S&P 500, Utilities, Consumer Staples and Real Estate stocks, exceeding the broader S&P 500’s roughly 2% yield.

S&P 500 Dividend Yield by Sector
 Bar chart comparing dividend yields of select S&P 500 sectors and 10 year US treasury yield

Source: Bloomberg as of June 19, 2019. Sector yields are based on trailing 12-month dividends. Sector classification based on GICS. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Indexes are unmanaged, and not available for direct investment. Index returns do not include fees or sales charges. This information is provided for illustrative purposes only and does not reflect the performance of an actual investment.

At this point in the market cycle, transitioning a portion of an investor’s fixed income or growth equity portfolio into defensive equity income remains compelling. Defensive equity income provides investors with an attractive source of dividends which play an increasingly integral role during low equity return environments as these typically become a larger and more stable component of total return. Additionally, defensively oriented stocks help to reduce overall portfolio beta to help weather the anticipated lower for longer interest rate and moderated growth environment, while continuing to allow for equity market participation.


Footnotes:

1 Based on Total Return sourced from Bloomberg as of June 19, 2019.

Definitions:

Dividend yield is a financial ratio that shows how much a company pays out in dividends each year relative to its share price.

The Federal Reserve Board ("Fed") is responsible for the formulation of U.S. policies designed to promote economic growth, full employment, stable prices, and a sustainable pattern of international trade and payments.

The S&P 500 Index is an unmanaged index of 500 stocks that is generally representative of the performance of larger companies in the U.S. Indexes are unmanaged, and not available for direct investment. Index returns do not include fees or sales charges.

U.S. Treasuries are direct debt obligations issued and backed by the "full faith and credit" of the U.S. government. The U.S. government guarantees the principal and interest payments on U.S. Treasuries when the securities are held to maturity. Unlike U.S. Treasury securities, debt securities issued by the federal agencies and instrumentalities and related investments may or may not be backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government. Even when the U.S. government guarantees principal and interest payments on securities, this guarantee does not apply to losses resulting from declines in the market value of these securities.

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Yields and dividends represent past performance and there is no guarantee they will continue to be paid.

Forecasts are inherently limited and should not be relied upon as indicators of actual or future performance.

U.S. Treasuries are direct debt obligations issued and backed by the "full faith and credit" of the U.S. government. The U.S. government guarantees the principal and interest payments on U.S. Treasuries when the securities are held to maturity. Unlike U.S. Treasury securities, debt securities issued by the federal agencies and instrumentalities and related investments may or may not be backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government. Even when the U.S. government guarantees principal and interest payments on securities, this guarantee does not apply to losses resulting from declines in the market value of these securities.